Avoiding Heat Stress
The human body is a magnificent cooling machine transferring heat through conduction, convection, thermal radiation and evaporation in an effort to keep the internal temperature at a comfortable 98.6 degrees.
However, when the body becomes taxed in the high temperature foundry environments these cooling abilities are extremely compromised putting a worker at risk of a heat related illness.
To help protect your employees from the perils of heat injuries it is important to have in place proper training and treatment measures.
This article will examine how to prevent, spot and treat heat related illnesses
Preventing heat illness
It is important for foundry operators to ensure their operations are taking the proper steps to prevent heat illness in their businesses.
Steps the employers can take to limit heat exposure include:
- Scheduling maintenance and repair jobs in hot areas for cooler months.
- Schedule hot jobs for the cooler part of the day.
- Acclimatize workers by exposing them for progressively longer periods to hot work environments.
- Reducing the physical demands of workers.
- Using relief workers or assign extra workers for physically demanding jobs.
- Providing cool water or liquids to workers.
- Providing rest periods with water breaks.
- Providing cool areas for use during break periods.
In addition to the above tips aimed at plant operators, the workers need to take the appropriate steps to protect themselves from heat related illness.
These steps include:
- Wearing light-colored, loose-fitting, breathable clothing such as cotton and avoiding non-breathing synthetic clothing.
- Gradually building up to heavy work.
- Taking more breaks in extreme heat and humidity.
- Drinking water frequently and to the point they never become thirsty.
- Avoiding drinks with caffeine, alcohol, and large amounts of sugar.
Recognize the warning signs
Heat disorders are preceded by early warning signs. By identifying these physical signs your employees can take appropriate action to prevent heat strain from becoming excessive.
Signs of the unsought of heat related illness include dizziness, nausea, blurred vision, poor posture, increased heart rate, hand tremors, profuse sweating, sloppy working behaviors, flu-like symptoms and more.
Your employees and supervisors should not only look for these signs in themselves when working, but also look for these signs in their co-workers.
One way to effectively ensure employees are monitoring is the creation of a buddy system. With the buddy system employees are paired off and responsible for monitoring the welfare of one another.
If heat illnesses symptoms are spotted immediately pull the person from the work they are doing, place them in a cool area and hydrate. If the person adequately recovers they may return to work, but try to put them in a less stressing task for the remainder of the day.
Treatment and identification for heat illnesses
When training and prevention measures fail it is important to have in place the knowledge to identify heat illness and properly treat those illnesses.
The following graph describes the symptoms and treatment of heat related illness. It is a great resource to hang in the break room.
|Heat Disorder||Symptoms||First Aid|
|Heat Rash||Skin rash||Rest, Water, Bath|
|Heat Cramps||Painful spasms of the muscles from profuse sweating and replenishment of fluids but not salt; symptoms may extend beyond work shift.||Replenish water and electrolytes;
rest in break area until cramps go away.
|Skin clammy and moist from excessive perspiration; complexion pale or flushed, body temperature only slightly elevated, experiencing extreme fatigue, giddiness, dizziness, nausea, and headache; may vomit or lose consciousness.||Rest in break room; replenish water and electrolytes.
Medical surveillance before return
|Hot, dry, red, blotched, or spotted skin; worker is mentally confused, delirious, perhaps in convulsions or unconscious, deep breathing followed by periods of shallow breathing, rapid strong bounding irregular pulse, dilated pupils.||Call 911
Monitor the victim’s airway, breathing, and circulation using your CPR and first aid skills
Never give a suspected stroke victim anything to eat or drink
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