OSHA CERTIFICATION 10 VS. 30 HOUR
Welcome to Safe Friday, this week we’re going continue to cover the ins and outs of OSHA certification. Whether you’re an experienced professional, or new on the job, today we’re going to offer something for everyone! This week, we’re going cover the basics of 10- and 30-hour OSHA certification.
As an employer it is your responsibility to provide your employees with the proper OSHA certification training.
For starters, the 3-hour course is costlier. As an OSHA 10-hour class is completed over a minimum of two days and a 30-hour course requires a minimum of 4 days, naturally the 30-hour OSHA certification would cost more. But don’t forget, OSHA certification is an investment. Expending resources today will save you thousands on the backend when safety incidents DON’T happen. A couple thousand invested could honestly save millions.
In simple terms, the 10-hour course is more of a beginner’s safety course, designed for most workers, while the 30-hour course, is a much more in-depth course, which every supervisor or lead should obtain.
Training mostly emphasizes hazard identification, avoidance, control, and prevention, not OSHA standards.
OSHA Certification 10- & 30- Hour Courses
From a fundamental standpoint, the basic structure between Construction and General Industry is similar, but the topics are will vary. For example, the construction course includes the ‘Focus 4’: Fall Protection, Caught Between, Electrical Safety, and Struck By.
Within these constraints, the course instructor has authority to customize your course. Not every elective topic will be covered and the additional “open” time could allow the instructor to cover something that is very specific to what you do, which might not be a big enough issue overall for OSHA to include it in its curriculum.
The goal of training should never be just to get an OSHA certification card. This training is designed to save lives, as well as your bottom line. Providing your workers with the right courses is the name of the game.
When employees need some type of safety training, it’s common to wonder which option to choose, 10- vs. 30-hour. As an employer, you need to ensure that the course provides your employees the relevant and necessary knowledge to work safely and that’ll help your company be compliant with OSHA certification training requirements. It’s crucial for employers to understand why they’re choosing a course and, if a 10- or 30-hour fulfills their occupational needs, and what the differences are between the classes. The difference is far more than just saying there’s 20 more hours in the 30-hour course.
As previously mentioned, the 30-hour course is going to cost more. This cost both costs more than 10-hour and results and more lost production time. An OSHA 10-hour class must be completed over a minimum of two days (OSHA maxes out instructors at 7.5 hours of instruction per day) and a 30 requires a minimum of 4 days, so a 30 would logically cost more. But remember, these OSHA certification courses are an investment. Spending the time and money today pays you back significantly when a severe injury or fatality doesn’t occur.
WHEN IS OSHA 10 HOUR REQUIRED?
Although initially conceived as a voluntary program, seven states have crafted legislation to make OSHA 10- and/or 30-hour training mandatory for employees. Is OSHA 10 required in your state?
The 10- or 30-hour training programs are in-depth certification plans, created by OSHA and administered by government authorized trainers.
The 10-hour program takes a minimum of two days to complete and the 30-hour program a minimum of 4. Booth programs focus on the most prevalent hazards in the field and are designed to greatly improve worker safety.
While OSHA conceived these programs as voluntary, many contractors and seven states have made the completion of these programs mandatory.
Ensure your employees are certified in OSHA 10 or 30-hour with Safety Service Company’s online 10/30-hour training program.
With the program employees can earn a 10 or 30-hour card anywhere they have access to an Internet connection.
Is OSHA Certification 10 required in your state? Let’s look at the specific requirements of these states.
CONNECTICUT – SEC. 31‐53B
Connecticut requires all employees completing work on any public building project paid for in whole or part by state funding, or any of its agencies, where the total cost is over $100,000 to obtain a minimum of an OSHA certification 10-hour card.
The contractor completing the job must submit proof that each employee has completed the training within 30 days of contract award. Any employee that does not have the training is not allowed on the jobsite.
The state requires the cards to be renewed every five years.
MISSOURI – SEC/N 292.675
Missouri is one of seven states requiring OSHA Certification Accepted training for any employee who works on any sort of public works project, whether at the state or municipal level.
The state requires employees complete a minimum of a 10-hour training with 60 days of beginning work on a project, the employer doesn’t need to provide the contracting agency proof of training unless it is specifically requested.
Also, the state does not require the training to be renewed.
MASSACHUSETTS – CHAPTER 30: SECTION 39S
All employers wanting to gain public sector contract work in Massachusetts are required to ensure all of their employees complete a minimum of an OSHA Certification 10-hour training course.
Prior to working on the site credentials of training must be submitted to the contracting agency, any employee working for the jobsite. IF the employee does not have credentials they will be removed, and the employer could possible face a fine.
All on-site employees, working on publicly funded (including state, or local municipality) projects of $100,000 or more, must complete the OSHA Certification 10-Hour Construction course prior to beginning work. An employee who has not completed the program shall be subject to removal from the worksite after 15 days of being found to be non-compliant.
The New Hampshire law provides for penalties to the employer of up to $2,500 and a civil penalty of $100 per employee for each day of noncompliance.
The law went into effect in 2007.
NEW YORK STATE – A02721
New York regulations require worker completing work on any public project greater than $250,000 in contract value to complete OSHA Certification 10-hour training.
Proof of completion may include a copy of a course completion card or certificate. Moreover, all training must be completed within the past five years, or training must be re-taken.
NEVADA – BILL NO. 148
Nevada assembly Bill No. 148 requires:
- All construction workers in the state to undergo a 10-hour safety training course (OSHA-10) developed by the U.S. Labor Department’s Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) at least once every five years. The training must be completed no more than 15 days of being hired.
- All construction supervisors to undergo an approved 30-hour safety training course least once every five years. The training must be completed no more than 15 days of being hired.
If an employee or supervisor does not gain 10 or 30-hour certification, then their employment must be terminated or suspended. Employers who fail to terminate or suspend employees are subject to administrative fines and penalties.
RHODE ISLAND – 04-593
Rhode Island regulations require all workers in the state who perform work on municipal and state construction projects with a total project cost of one $100,000 of more to OSHA10-hour certification.
Any employee required to complete the OSHA 10-hour construction safety program who has not completed the program will be subject to removal from the worksite. Furthermore, if the employee does not provide documentation of having completed such program by the fifteenth day after the date the employee is found to be in noncompliance.
The state may also assess a civil penalty of up to $2,500; in addition, such an employer shall be assessed a civil penalty of $100 per employee for each day of noncompliance.
The following individuals are exempt from the requirements of the OSHA 10-hour construction safety program:
- Law enforcement officers dealing with traffic control and/or jobsite security.
- All relevant federal, state and municipal government inspectors.
OSHA Certification Program Purpose
The Outreach Training Program is a voluntary program. Its purpose is to promote workplace safety and health and to make workers more knowledgeable about workplace hazards and their rights. Outreach training does not fulfill the training requirements found in OSHA standards. Employers are responsible for providing additional training for their workers on specific hazards of their job as noted in many OSHA standards.
OSHA Certification Program Growth
The OSHA Outreach Training Program was initiated in 1971, and has grown significantly in recent years. The train-the-trainer format expands the reach of the program to increase training availability. Between FY 2012 and FY 2016, more than 3.94 million workers were trained in job hazard recognition and avoidance through the program.
Designed For Workers
The OSHA Outreach Training Program provides training on the recognition, avoidance, abatement, and prevention of workplace hazards. Outreach classes also provide overview information regarding OSHA, including workers’ rights, employer responsibilities, and how to file a complaint.
- Promotes safety culture through peer training
- Training is intended to be participatory, using hands-on activities
- Trainers are able to tailor the training topics based on specific needs of their audience
- Outreach training content includes hazard recognition and avoidance, workers’ rights, employer responsibilities, and how to file a complaint; it emphasizes the value of safety and health to workers, including young workers
- Outreach training is available in languages other than English (Spanish, Polish, etc.)
10-hour and 30-hour Programs
The 10-hour training program is primarily intended for entry level workers. The 30-hour training program is intended to provide workers with some safety responsibility a greater depth and variety of training. All outreach training is intended to cover an overview of the hazards a worker may encounter on a job site. Training emphasizes hazard identification, avoidance, control and prevention, not OSHA standards.
Selecting a Trainer
OSHA authorized outreach trainers are not OSHA personnel. Trainers are authorized (not certified) through this program to deliver Outreach training classes. Trainers are independent service providers and their schedules and fees may vary. OSHA recommends contacting multiple trainers to find one that best meets the student’s needs. Students may verify the status of an authorized outreach trainer. All authorized trainers must possess a trainer card which includes an expiration date along with the name of the authorizing OTI Education Center.
Outreach Training Program en Español
OSHA maintains a list of authorized Outreach Trainers who conduct 10- and 30-hour courses in Spanish at How to find Outreach Training in Spanish.
How to Get a Replacement Card
To obtain a replacement 10- or 30-hour student completion card, students must contact their trainer. Your trainer will contact the authorizing OSHA training organization. Replacement cards may only be issued for training which took place within the last 5 years.
Delivered By OSHA-Authorized Trainers
Through its national network of OSHA Training Institute (OTI) Education Centers, qualified individuals can become authorized OSHA Outreach trainers. Authorized OSHA Outreach Trainers deliver 10- and 30-hour outreach classes to workers in construction, general industry, maritime, and 15-hour classes for disaster site workers. To become an Authorized Outreach Trainer, interested individuals must meet industry safety experience requirements and complete a training course in the applicable OSHA standards and a trainer course to become authorized. Trainers must attend an update course every 4 years.
Prerequisite OSHA Standards Courses by Industry
#510 Occupational Safety and Health Standards for the Construction Industry
#511 Occupational Safety and Health Standards for General Industry
Outreach Trainer Courses by Industry
#500 Trainer Course in Occupational Safety and Health Standards for the Construction Industry
#501 Trainer Course in Occupational Safety and Health Standards for General Industry
#5400 Trainer Course in OSHA Standards for the Maritime Industry
#5600 Disaster Site Worker Trainer Course
Outreach Trainer Update Courses by Industry
#502 Trainer Update Course in Occupational Safety and Health Standards for the Construction Industry
#503 Trainer Update Course in Occupational Safety and Health Standards for General Industry
#5402 Trainer Update Course in OSHA Standards for the Maritime Industry
#5602 Disaster Site Worker Trainer Update Course
Outreach Training Program Trainer Resources
The OSHA website contains numerous training materials and resources, including PowerPoint presentations for construction and general industry. Trainers may also compile training materials from other sources to assist in delivery of outreach classes. Trainers are eligible to borrow audiovisual materials from OSHA’s Resource Center Loan Program.
OSHA’s Spanish Trainers & Training References website includes references and links to various resources for Spanish language training, including training materials and Spanish PowerPoint presentations.
The OSHA Outreach Training Program requirements and procedures for trainers are updated regularly. All authorized OSHA Outreach Trainers are required to understand and comply with current Outreach Training Program requirements and procedures.
Trainers who fail to comply with program guidance are subject to the program’s Investigation and Review Procedures. These procedures state that trainers may receive corrective action, up to and including revocation of their authorization to conduct Outreach classes.
A Watch List of trainers whose authorizations have been suspended or revoked is available. To report instances of program fraud or abuse, contact the OSHA’s outreach fraud hotline at (847) 725-7810.
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